Lord in English comes from the sense of keeper of bread. Old English hlaford, from hlafweard, which is formed from hlaf and weard, meaning ‘bread’ and ‘keeper’.

Loaf is a Germanic word, and its root is uncertain, likely the Proto-Germanic *hlaibaz, but that is reconstructed. Words for loaf are common across the Germanic languages: luffe in Frisian, Laib in German, hleifur in Icelandic, leivur in Faroese, lev in Swedish. Slavic also borrows from the Proto-Germanic giving Russian хлеб (xleb), Ukrainian: хліб (xlib), Czech: chleba, Polish: chleb and Slovak: chlieb.

Ward is also Germanic, from the Proto-Germanic *wardō, meaning protection. This is an extension of *wara- meaning attentive, source of English wary and beware. This root is from the PIE *wer- (to cover). This root also gives the English guard via French. Other words derived from this root include garnish also via French.



Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s